Design, Illusion and Reality
Fall 1998

BRIDGES - links, machines, metaphors and snyapses

Student Work





Bridges as Art By David Billington. Civil Engineering Magazine. March 1990 Pages 50-53

Bridge Design and the Bridge Aesthetic Bibliography, By Martin Burke. Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 115, No.4, April 1989 ASCE

Art in Engineering a paper as a part of a continuing program at Princeton University entitled Humanistic Studies in Engineering supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Ford Foundation and published in " Engineering and Humanities" Edited by James Schaub and Sheila Dickinson with Morris . Wiley-Interscience Publication.

Wilhelm Ritter: Teacher of Maillart and Ammann by David Billington. Journal of the Structural Division, Proceedings of the ASCE, Vol. 106, No.ST5, May 1980.

History and Aesthetics in Suspension Bridges by David Billington. Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, Vol.103 No ST8, August 1977 pp 1655-1672


Living Bridges - The inhabited bridge, past present and future edited by Peter Murray and Mary Anne Stevens 1997 Royal Academy of Arts, London. Prestel Munich New York

Calatrava Bridges by Kenneth Frampton

The Tower and the Bridge: the new art of structural engineering by David P. Billington Basic Books NY 1983

Robert Maillart¼s Bridges; the art of engineering by David P. Billington Princeton University Press 1979

Robert Maillart and the art of reinforced concrete by David P. Billington MIT press 1990

Robert Maillart: builder, designer and artist by David P. Billington Cambridge University Press 1997

Bridges, their art, science & evolution by C.S. Whitney Greenwich House 1983

Architecture From Without by Diane Agrest 1991 MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Incorporations edited by Jonathan Crary and Sanford Winter 1992 Zone Books, New York

S,M,L,XL by Rem Koolhaas and Bruce Mau The Monacelli Press, Inc, New York 1995 ISBN 1-885254-01-6

Nature and the idea of the man-made world by Norman Crowe 1995 MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Techniques of the Observer by Jonathan Crary An October Book, MIT Press Cambridge, Massachusetts

Learning from Las Vegas by Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown and Steven Izenour MIT Press, Cambridge Massachusetts

Architecture of Fear edited by Nan Ellin 1997 Princeton Archtectural Press, New York

The Dialectics of Seeing (Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project) by Susan Buck-Morss 1989 MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Bridges by Fritz Leonhardt MIT Press, Cambridge 1990.

[The following links are external to this site and are kept for archival puposes only. There is no guarantee they are still maintained]

Alexander's Bridge by Willa Cather

The Bridge Collective - Poetry.

Readers and Writer - Bridging Literacy and LIterature

The Fairy Tale Project: a Multimedia Bridge from Language to Literature

cognitive science and literary theory

Bridging the Gap - Mark Turner

Bridge Management Systems
Literature Review and Search Prepared by Edward Czepiel Northwestern University BIRL Industrial Research Laboratory

NOVA - Build a Bridge --

NOVA's bridge links at are as follows:

The Clark Bridge, Alton Illinois

A photo history of the bridge featured in the NOVA program Super Bridge

Golden Gate Bridge

The history of the Golden Gate bridge and take a virtual stroll from the Marin side of the bridge across to San Francisco.

American Society of Civil Engineers.

A site for engineering professionals with information on publications, job openings, educational programs, conferences, and other industry resources.

Association for Bridge Construction and Design

Learn about the activities of this organization devoted to improving the science of bridge design, construction, and maintenance.

Bridge Research: Leading the Way to the Future

An article from the Turner Fairbanks Highway Research Center discussing the importance of research in maintaining America's bridges.

Clearinghouse for Infrastructure: Bridge Information

Links to articles and other resources on bridge research, design, legislation, construction, management, and much more

Bridge Engineering Links

An extensive list of links to industry events, associations, companies, gov ernment agencies, and more.

Matsuo Bridge Company

A site profiling an innovative 72-year-old Japanese bridge company with a photo catalog of its bridges and descriptions of bridge construction methods.

Finley McNary Engineers

Check out every bridge around the nation built by this award winning firm that specializes in design and construction engineering for large prestressed concrete segmental and c able-stayed bridges.

The Collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge

The different theories of what cause the Tacoma Narrows Bridge c ollapse.

Portland Cement Association.

A tour through the cement making process, read the latest news in the concrete industry, and take the cement pond quiz.

Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute

An organization dedicated to fostering greater understanding and use of precast/prestressed concrete. Web site offers the opportunity to search for a for a concrete producer in your area and learn about the uses of precast/prestressed concrete in many types of c onstruction projects.


Access to knowledge and peoples' ideas reduces the possibility of conflict and increases the possibility of cooperation between peoples on the basis of mutual consent. By democratizing relations between peoples, between nations and states, the diversity of nations and their cultures will continue to enrich the world.


High School Project bet. Mathematics, Science and English departments.

Pennsylvania Covered Bridge Tour